Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act: Important Information for All Property Owners

Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act (TPA) governs lease termination to ensure a good landlord-tenant relationship. By serving a lease termination notice, the section gives owners the legal ability to reclaim possession of the property. Propertywala provides a template notice to vacate the premises and explains the legal responsibilities of owners and tenants under section 106 of the TPA. 

Tenancy and ownership obligations are also well-served by the Transfer of Property Act (TPA), which handles property transfers and related issues. The owner has the legal right to specify the conditions of the lease and, if necessary, to issue a notice of vacuity under Section 106 of the TPA. An example will help us better understand it: 

Landlord Mr. Rajendra Gupta is the owner of multiple rental properties. He returns to one of his stores one day to launch a new venture. But for the next three years, Mr. Ramesh, who has been operating a salon, has been in charge of the home. Mr. Gupta must now give written notice that he is leaving the property for his use. The process can be carried out easily by adhering to the guidelines provided in TPA Section 106. This article will explain the purpose of TPA Section 106 and what should be included in a formal notice to the tenant. 

Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act: 

Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act of 1882 governs the duration of certain leases in the absence of a contrast. In this section, the lessor or leases of immovable property shall serve a six-month notice period. This section applies to properties that are used for manufacturing and agriculture. To lease real estate for any other purpose, the lessor or lessee must serve a 15-day notice. The notice, which must be in writing and indicate the tenant’s intention to end the lease, must be sent by the day the tenancy is about to expire. 

An illustration of a notice under Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act 

When drafting a notice under section 106, owners or legal counsel must include pertinent details. The notice must contain specifics like the date of the notice, the party’s name, a description of the property, the terms of the lease, and the date of termination. Here is an example of a format. 

[Owner’s name]

[Owner’s address]

[City, State, PIN code] 


[Tenant’s name]

[Tenant’s address]

[City, State, PIN code] 

Dear [Tenant’s Name], 

Subject: Termination of tenancy for [Property address] 

This notice informs you that your tenancy at [Property address] will end as of [Termination date]. Kindly leave the property by the specified date. 

I appreciate your cooperation. 


[Owner’s name] 


Decision of the Supreme Court regarding Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act

Nand Lal and Jitendra Rai had an oral rental agreement with a public trust headed by Shri Ramanand for two shops. After the tenants stopped paying rent, the trust sent lease termination notices by Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act. The trust filed an appeal, but the court dismissed it because it was not registered under the Rajasthan Public Trust Act. The court’s initial appeal decision went against the trust, underscoring the significance of the trust’s registration. 

Afterward, the Supreme Court granted the appeal against the decision made by the lower court. The suit could proceed because of the trust’s later registration, even though it was initially barred because of its unregistered status. In favor of the trust, justice was done when the case was sent to the Trail Court for a merit-based decision. This case emphasizes registering and utilizing Section 106 of the TPA when terminating a lease. 

In conclusion, Section 106 of the TPA of 1882 establishes clear communication regarding lease termination. Safeguarding the interests of the landlord and the tenant and preventing disputes, makes the transaction go more smoothly. To prevent misunderstandings, tenants should receive a written notice that includes all the details of their lease. Property owners must understand the legal authority and provisions outlined in Section 106 of the TPA to manage tenants effectively. The purpose of these laws is to prevent potential problems and encourage a better landlord-tenant relationship.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *