# How to Calculate Land Area

The calculation of plot area is critical for both government officials and landowners. The government requires this data as part of a land survey, whereas the owners use this information to determine the exact land area they have and then use it in the best way possible. The process is complicated and involves a lot of math and formulas. Please bear with me as I explain how to calculate the plot area in this section.

How do you calculate the land area?

It would have been easier to put the formula and values in place and calculate the plot area if plots had been divided into the usual geometrical shapes. But this is not the case. The fields typically appear in the following forms:

• Stories in squares or rectangles
• Polygon plots with irregular edges
• Triangle plot

It will be easy to determine if you have a square or rectangular land. Here’s how you might go about it:

(Length x Length) = Square plot Area

Therefore, the calculation will be as follows: if the plot’s length is 30 feet, then the area will

A square land area is (30 x 30).

A square of land has a 900-foot area.

Square land area equals length times width.

If your plot has a length of 30 feet and a width of 20 feet, the area will be:

Square land area equals length times width

The size of the rectangle: 30×20

A rectangular plot measures 600 feet.

The area of the triangle is equal to (s(s-a) (s-b) (s-c)).

Here, s represents half of the triangle’s perimeter, and a, b, and c represent its sides.

Consider a plot with three sides that span, respectively, 14 meters, 24 meters, and 18 meters long. Here is how to determine a triangular land area.

Triangle plot area equals (s(s-a) (s-b) (s-c))

S = (a+b+c)/2

S= (14+24+18)/2

s= 28

The triangular land area is equal to (28(28-14)(28-24)(28-18))

= √(28(14)(4)(10))

= √ 15680

= 125.2m, i.e., 1347.6 feet

# Land Sale Capital Gains Tax

Any profit or gain from selling a capital asset is known as capital gain. Houses, land, stocks, mutual funds, jewelry, and trademarks are all capital assets. Because the gain/profit is considered income, you must pay tax on that amount in the same year you transferred the capital asset.

As a taxpayer, you must pay taxes on your earnings during the fiscal year. Similarly, you also have to pay taxes on your capital gains.

Because land is a capital asset, capital gains from its sale are taxed. Here’s a detailed explanation of capital gains tax and how to calculate it.

Capital Gains Tax on Land Sales

You must pay capital gains tax on a home or land sale. Capital gains tax falls into two types: short-term capital gains (STCG) for properties held for less than 36 months and long-term capital gains (LTCG) for properties kept for more than 36 months.

In the case of STCG, the profits generated from the sale of land belong in the owner’s taxable income, and the individual must pay taxes based on the income tax slab they fall into that particular fiscal year. The current LTCG tax rate is 20%.

How to Count Capital Gain on Land Sale?

Here’s how to figure out the capital gains from selling a house:

Capital Gain Tax (STCG)

Deduct the acquisition cost, improvement cost(if any), and sale-related expenses from the sale price if you sell the land within 36 months of purchasing it. It will be your STCG.

Let’s take a look at an example-

Mr. Ansari purchased land in 2015. He paid Rs. ten lakh for it. Mr. Ansari bought land in 2015. He paid Rs. 10 lakh for it. In 2016, he sold the land for Rs. 15 lakh. In this instance, Mr. Ansari’s total income will rise by Rs.5 lakh. Tax will be lived based on his tax bracket. Calculating the STCG tax is easier. The profit from the sale of land is part of the total income.

LTCG – Capital Gains Tax

In LTCG, you can deduct the indexed acquisition and improvement costs from the sale price. It helps to reduce your capital gains as the cost of acquisition or improvement rises.

When calculating LTCG, the cost inflation index (CII) is critical. Every year, the government releases this index. CII is an integral factor in determining the indexed cost of acquisition and improvement.

Cost Inflation Index = Index for the fiscal year of transfer/ Index for the fiscal year of acquisition.

Are Deductions for Reducing Capital Gains Tax Available?

Yes, the IT Act provides a few options to help landowners reduce their capital gains tax liability. Some of the most popular ones are as follows-

Section 54F of Income Tax

Under Section 54F, there is a 100% deduction on the capital gains tax if the entire amount is gained from selling land for purchasing or constructing a house. However, this provision is subject to certain conditions and limitations. But note that there are some conditions and limitations to this provision.

Income Tax Section 54EC

The LTCG from the land sale is deductible under Section 54EC when invested in capital gains bonds such as REC (Rural Electrification Corporation) or NHAI (National Highway Authority of India). Furthermore, if you don’t use these sections of the IT Act, you can deposit your capital gains in a bank. Such capital gains deposits are tax deductible under the Capital Gains Account Scheme.

• Generally, the exemption for a new residential property is proportional to its total sale price. Investing the remaining amount within six months is allowed under Section 54EC.
• The exemption will also be available if the builder of the new residential property does not hand over the house to the taxpayer within three years of purchase.
• You can calculate the capital gains by using the stamp duty and valuation by the registration authority.
• If the seller cannot reinvest the gains in bonds or houses before filing their tax return for the year in which the sale occurred, they can deposit the gains in the Capital Gains Account Scheme to be eligible for the deduction.

# Registration Fees for Land

If you plan to buy land in India, you must consider the cost of registering your property besides the price of the property itself. Depending on the state and type of purchase, property registration fees and stamp duty charges can amount to 7% to 10% of the total property cost.

Registration fees in most Indian cities and towns are 1% of the property value. Aside from these fees, you will pay a cess and a small surcharge.

Different Cities’ Land Registration Fees/Charges

What is Land Registration?

When you register a property in your name, the state government will charge you a registration fee, which is a percentage of the total or filed value of the property. The Registration Act of 1908 imposes a fee for registering your property documents in your name. This fee applies to both new and existing property registrations.

Property registration fees vary by state. It also depends on who will register the property. Women and senior citizens receive a registration fee reduction from the state government.

Factors Influencing Property Registration and Land Charges

• Property, new or used:  The property registration fees vary by the type of property you want to register. A high registration fee is usually required to enter a new property. It makes sense because the registration fee is a percentage of the total cost of the property. A new piece of land typically has a higher total property cost than an old piece of land. It usually has a higher total property cost than a piece of older land. When you register a not-so-new or old property, the registration fees will be low because the home’s value has decreased since it occurred.
• Commercial and Residential Property: The fees for registering a commercial property are higher than those for registering a residential property. It is primarily because commercial real estate, unlike residential properties, requires additional amenities such as swimming pools, escalators, and exclusive parking.
• Geographical Factors: The property’s location has an essential impact on the registration fees. If your property is in a city or a developed town, you must pay a high registration fee. You should also consider the state where you’re buying the property because state governments charge property registration fees.
• Transfer Type: If you are buying a property from someone other than a family member, you must pay the standard registration fee. However, if you transfer the property’s title to a family member as a “Gift Deed,” the registration fees are low.
• Amenities: As previously stated, if you have amenities such as a clubhouse, community hall, library, outdoor play area, swimming pool, cargo lift, or gym, you must pay a high registration fee. The amenities-valuation method requires you to pay more for each additional amenity in your building.
• Airport, bus, or train station proximity: Did you know that if you live near an airport, bus station, or railway station, you will face a high registration fee? Yes, that’s correct!
• Property ownership gender: The government waives registration fees for women’s properties. So, if you have a female member, you can register the property in her name to save money on registration fees.

Documents Required

Property registration requires the submission of the following documents:

• Certificate of encumbrance valid until today.
• The electricity bill
• Registered Development Agreement (if it relates to Joint Development property)
• Power of attorney, if any
• A copy of all previously recorded contracts (if real estate is under offer)
• ‘RTC’ stands for Records of Rights and Tenancy Corps.
• The landowner’s title records and a sale deed in the seller’s name
• Tax returns from the previous three months, as well as the most recent bank statements, if money remains due from a loan.

How are land registration fees calculated?

Property registration fees depend on the current market value of your home. If you have both the market value and the agreed-upon value of the property, the greater one will be the charge.

• Aside from the cost or value of the property, the type of property, location of the property, gender and age of the owner, usage of the property, and a number of floors all influence the property registration fee.
• Stamp duty officials usually use the Stamp Duty Ready Reckoner to determine the property’s worth. The Stamp Duty Reckoner is published annually on January 1st by the relevant state government.

Calculator for Property/ Flat Registration Fees

Use an online property registration fee calculator to determine how much you must pay out of pocket before registering your property. Many online calculators can calculate the registration fee in a matter of seconds. All you have to do is:

• Enter basic information about the property, such as its location and cost, and then click the “Calculate” button. The charges will appear on the monitor in no time. You do not have to go to the local register office to find out. Thanks to technology!

# Odisha Land Revenue Payment

Land revenue is known as Khajana in Odia. Landowners in Odisha are required to pay Khajana, or land revenue, yearly. You can simply pay your land revenue online using the e-Pauti App.

What is the purpose of the e-Pauti Odisha portal?

The Odisha government launched a web portal in August 2020 where people in Odisha can check their Bhu Naksha, Bhulekh, and e Pauti Odisha. This web portal enables Odisha residents to pay their land revenue online. The National Informatics Center in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, created the online web portal.

You can pay your land tax online using the portal on the Odisha Revenue and Disaster Management Department’s official website. Odisha landowners can make vital payments online using the e  Pauti Odisha Portal. The people of Odisha can pay their land revenue at any time and from any location through the Pauti Odisha portal or the Pauti mobile App.

The e-Pauti Odisha portal provides multiple services to help with land-related payments and tracking in Odisha. Users can access transaction IDs and download and verify rent receipts on the e-Pauti Odisha portal while praying for their land revenue online.

However, before paying land revenue on the e-Pauti Odisha, you must obtain details such as Khaitan or the Record of Rights (ROR). Khaitan is a set of documents that establishes land ownership, property rights, and usage.

Conditions for making land-related payments via the e-Pauti Odisha

The following are some prerequisites for making online payments of land-related taxes in Odisha via the e-Pauti Odisha portal:

• Odisha Record of Rights (ROR) or Khaitan
• The Khata number
• Mobile phone number on file
• Debit card/ Net-banking/UPI

How do I make an online payment on the e-Pauti Odisha?

Landowners in Odisha can pay their land revenue online through the e-Pauti Odisha portal. Below are the steps to follow on the website.

Step 1: Go to the official e-Pauti Odisha portal (https://www.odishalandrevenue.nic.in/) and click the ‘Pay Land Revenue’ button.

Step 2: The “Online Land Revenue Payment” page appears. Fill out all of the fields completely and enter the captcha. Press the “Proceed” button.

On the land revenue payment page, you must enter the following information: financial year, district, tehsil, village, total land area, tenant’s name, Khata number, rent, N Cess, and water tax.

Step 3: Enter the depositor’s information on the new page. Step 3: Enter the depositor’s data on the new page.

Then click ‘Make Payment.

Step 4: You will head to the payment gateway, where you can select your preferred payment method and complete the transaction.

Debit cards, net banking, and the UPI are among the payment options available on the e-Pauti Odisha.

Step 5: Following payment, the treasury page will be displayed. To be redirected to the confirmation page, hit the “Proceed” button. Press the ‘confirm’ button.

Step 6: Keep the Treasury Challan References ID handy for future use.

Step 7: Upon successful payment, a receipt of acknowledgment will arrive. You may keep the receipt for future reference.

How to Check the e-Pauti Odisha Payment Status Online?

The Odisha e-Pauti portal allows users to check the payment status online. The e-Pauti portal retrieves the online payment status using the Transaction ID. Follow the steps below to check your payment status on the e-Pauti online.

Step 1: Go to the Odisha Land Revenue official website at https://odishalandrevenue.nic.in/.

Step 2: Go to the homepage and click the Know Your Transaction ID and Payment Status link.

Step 3: A new window will open when you click the button.

Step 4: Fill in the following information in this window: Financial Year, District, Tahasil, Village, and Khata No.

Step 5: Choose Get. There will be a display of the status of the online payment.

The legends listed below are used on the e-Pauti Odisha to determine various payment statuses.

S- Transaction Completion,

F- Failure of a transaction,

P- Pending Transactions,

I- Payment started but wasn’t made,

X- Transaction was either not attempted or canceled.

How to Get a Rent Receipt on the ePauti Odisha?

If you did not save the receipt after making the payment on the e-Pauti Odisha, or if you want to download it again later, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Go to the e-Pauti Odisha website and select the ‘Download Rent Receipt’ option.

Step 2: Enter your Treasury Challan Reference ID and press the ‘view’ button.

The rent receipt will now appear on the screen, which is possible to bookmark for future reference.

What is e-Pauti Mobile Application?

The Online Land Revenue Payment Revenue and Disaster Management Department of Odisha has also launched a mobile application, e-Pauti, which is accessible via smartphones, to improve the accessibility of the e-Pauti. Landowners in Odisha can use the mobile App to access the services of the e-Pauti Odisha. The app will allow taxpayers to pay their Khajana/ land revenue anywhere.

The following are the features of the e-Pauti application:

• The Treasury portal’s iFMS gateway enables online payment of land revenue.
• The e-Pauti App allows users to save and print their rent receipts.
• Check the Rent Receipt
• 24-hour availability

How to Pay Land Revenue in Odisha Using the e-Pauti Mobile Application?

To make land revenue payments using the e-Pauti Odisha mobile application, follow the steps below.

Step 1- Get the e-Pauti mobile application for your smartphone and install it.

Step 2- From the e-Pauti mobile application’s home screen, select the Pay Land Revenue option.

Step 3: Based on your location, provide the necessary information such as the the district, village, and tehsil. You must also provide the fiscal year and other pertinent information regarding your land revenue payment.

Step 4- Enter the depositor’s information, including name, phone number, email address, and postal address.

Step 5- Click the Make Payment button.

Step 6: Select your preferred payment method and pay your Odisha land revenue.

Step 7- On the next page, obtain payment confirmation and save the Treasury Challan Reference ID and acknowledgment receipt for future reference.

Step 1: Launch the e-Pauti mobile application on your smartphone.

Step 2: On the e-Pauti mobile app’s homepage, click the Download Rent Receipt button.

Step 3: Type in your Treasury Challan Reference Number.

Step 4: Select the View option.

Conclusion

The Odisha government’s e-Pauti portal is a fantastic initiative. This portal has made all land-related payments in the state simple and transparent. The portal is simple to use and available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

# Uttarakhand Land Records and Registration Charges

Concerning Dev-Bhoomi

Different states in India have distinct methods for obtaining land record information. People can now view their property details more easily thanks to the computerization of the land record process.

Uttarakhand, like any other state in India, has a portal for checking property records called Dev-Bhoomi. You can view your land record details by visiting the portal, entering a few details, and gaining access to information about the relevant property.

How to Get Your Dev-Bhoomi Land Record Details

Step 1: Go to Dev-Bhoomi’s official website.

Step 2: From the dropdown menu on the left side of the page, select the district in which the property lies.

Step 3:  From the dropdown menu, select the relevant Tehsil and press the “Okay” button.

Step 4: You will head to the Bhulekh Uttrakhand website.

Step 5: Determine the district, Tehsil, and village of the land.

Step 6: You will redirected to a page where you can view the details of your land record by entering the account number, mutation date, vendor, buyer, gata number, or account holder’s name.

Step 7: To     check land rights by account number, enter the appropriate number and click “Search.”

Step 8: Enter the mutation date to double-check.

Step 9: You can also enter the name of the concerned vendor to view property details.

Step 10: Besides these options, you can view your land record by entering the buyer’s name.

Step 11: You can also check property details by entering the account holder’s name into the portal.

Viewing Uttrakhand land record details is a relatively simple and painless process. To avoid confusion or errors, make sure you enter the correct information.

Section 17 of the Indian Registration Act of 1908 governs the property registration process in Uttrakhand. Any transactions involving the sale of immovable property should record to ensure the explicit transfer of title to the property owner. Preparing documents, paying the applicable stamp duty and registration fee, and legally recording the property deed at the sub-registrar’s office are all part of the property registration process. The Uttrakhand Government’s Department of Stamps and Registration oversees the registration and transfer of real estate.

The Indian Registration Act, Section 17

According to Section 17 of the Indian Registration Act, 1908, all transactions involving the sale of immovable property, the gift of immovable property, and the lease for more than twelve months of immovable property worth Rs. 100 or more must file with the concerned sub-Registrar office.

Documents Required

The documents required for registering deeds in Uttrakhand are explained in detail here.

• The Original Document
• A printed version of the e-Challan Duty/Fee
• Stamp duty, registration fees, and handling costs for documents
• A printout of the PDE details.
• Land revenue record as Khasra, Khatoni as applicable.
• Photographs of parties in passport size
• Image of the transferred property
• When the value exceeds five lakhs, a Pan Card is required.
• TDS challans are a must under the Income Tax Act to sell only agricultural lands worth more than 50 lacks.
• If the buyer and his family have an immovable property in Uttrakhand before September 12, 2003, they must show Khatauni and another authenticator.
• Proof of identity- Voter ID, Kisan Bahi, Bank Passbook, Employer ID, ID from an educational institution, ration card of all parties, and witnesses.
• Property Map- Registration of Conveyance Sale, Gift Deed, and Sale Deed
• Leasehold property map – Lease registration and mortgage deed.

# How to Know Land Valuation in West Bengal

A property valuation certificate is a legal document that verifies the information contained in the Register of Land Values. Property valuation aids in determining a property’s fair market value at the time of sale or purchase. The value of the property estimated varies from state to state. This blog delves into obtaining a West Bengal Property valuation certificate.

Property Valuation Certificate

The following purposes require a property valuation certificate:

• Property valuation certificates include property information such as land and building size, property value, and construction details.
• A property valuation certificate also serves as collateral for the bank’s educational loan.
• When filing annual returns with the Income Tax Department, a property valuation certificate is necessary for income and wealth tax purposes.

Applicable fees

When applying for a property valuation certificate in West Bengal, the applicant is not required to pay an application fee.

Documents Required

When calculating the property, the documents required must arrive.

• Land Tax Documentation
• A copy of the encumbrance certificate.
• Property ownership documentation.
• Voter ID.

Property Valuation Online Application Procedure

On the West Bengal portal, you can calculate the market value of land for a property transaction by the following steps below:

Step 1: Go to the West Bengal Government’s official website.

Land Market Value Calculation

Step 2: Navigate to the “Market Value of Land” tab from the portal’s home page.

Step 3: The next screen will display the market value of the land.

Step 4: The applicant must enter the mandatory information.

Step 5: Select your district, Thana, local body, and local body name.

Step 6: Enter the plot number and the Khaitan code to determine who owns the property.

Step 7: Enter the details of your property, such as its type, use, and land area, and then click the “Display Market Value” button.

Step 8: Your land’s market value will be calculated and displayed on the screen.

Calculate the Market Value of Structured Land

Step 9: Click the “Market Value of Land with Structure” tab on the portal’s home page.

Step 10: The market value of land with a structure page will appear on the next screen.

Step 11: The applicant must enter the required information.

Step 12: Select your district, Thana, local body, and local body name.

Step 13: You will need the plot number and Khaitan code to identify the owner.

Step 14: Enter the details of your property, such as type, use, and land area, and then click the “Proceed for structure entry” button.

Step 15: Fill out the structure entry page with the necessary information, then click the “Click on Market Value of Land with Structure” button.

Step 16: At last, the market value of your land structure will be determined and displayed on the screen.

Determine the Market Value of an Apartment

Step 17: Select “Market Value of Apartment” from the main portal screen.

Step 18: The market value of the apartment page will appear on the next screen.

Step 19: The applicant must enter the required information.

Step 20: Select your district, Thana, local body, and local body name.

Step 21: To obtain the property’s owner information, enter the plot number and Kahitan number.

Step 22: Now, enter the details of your apartment, such as its type, use, and floor location, and click on the “Display Market Value” button.

Step 23: Appraisal of your apartment will be done and displayed on the screen.

# Service Apartments in Whitefield, Bangalore

Whitefield, a prominent area in Bangalore, India, is known for its IT parks, commercial centers, and residential developments. It has grown significantly in recent years, meaning service apartments are available in the area. Service apartments provide fully furnished accommodations with hotel-like amenities and services but with the added convenience of a home-like amenities and services but with the added convenience of a home-like environment.

Factors to Consider

Consider factors such as location, proximity to desired amenities or workplaces, the reputation of the service provider, available facilities and services, pricing, and terms of stay when choosing a service apartment in Whitefield, Bangalore.

• Location: Whitefield lies in the eastern part of Bangalore. It is known as the city’s IT corridor. It lies easily near major IT parks, commercial centers, shopping malls, and entertainment venues. Whitefield service apartments are typically located near these areas, making them convenient for professionals and travelers.
• Amenities: Whitefield service apartments provide a comfortable and self-sufficient stay. They are fully furnished and include amenities like air conditioning, Wi-Fi, television, a kitchenette or full kitchen, laundry services, and housekeeping. Some service apartments also provide additional facilities like gymnasiums, swimming pools, parking, and 24-hour security.
• Service apartments are known for their flexibility in terms of stay duration. They can be rented for short-term stays of a few days to several weeks or months, making them ideal for business travelers, tourists, or individuals seeking temporary housing. Some service apartments also provide long-term rental options for those who need to stay for an extended period.
• Service apartments in Whitefield vary in price depending on location size, amenities, and length of stay. Service apartments, in general, are a more cost-effective alternative to hotels, especially for more, because they offer more space and amenities at a lower price.
• Booking and Management: Whitefield service apartments can be reserved directly from the service apartment providers or through online platforms and booking websites. Professional property management companies manage some service apartments, while others are owned and operated by individual property owners.

To find one that fits your preferences and budget, you must investigate and compare different service apartments in terms of pricing, reviews, and available services. Reading customer reviews and ratings can provide insight into the quality and dependability of the service flat service provider.

# GST on Residential Flat

Property buyers must pay GST on residential property purchases in addition to property tax to meet their tax obligations. His GST regime in the real estate sector has changed in recent years. Potential investors and homebuyers need to consider the impact of GST when making real estate investments.

What is the GST rate for residential construction?

In 2022, individuals who invest in under-construction projects in India will have to pay GST on their purchases. When buying a home in a finished project, the GST on property purchases does not apply. A completed project has received a certificate of completion from the appropriate authority.

Residential Property GST Rate

• It makes no difference whether or not the landlord is GST registered; GST does not apply.
• When a business entity rents a residential property, the GST rate is 18%.
• When the property is rented to a private person or used for personal reasons, there is no GST if the tenant applies for GST.

How do I pay GST on a flat?

If a flat owner pays a minimum maintenance charge of Rs 7,500 to their housing society, they must pay 18% GST on a residential property.

Residents Welfare Association (RWA) imposes a monthly charge of Rs 7,500 per apartment, which is taxable at 18% of the total amount.

GST is not payable by housing societies with an annual turnover of less than Rs 20 lakh. Meet both conditions for GST to apply, i.e.,

• Each member must pay a monthly maintenance fee of Rs 7,500 or more.
• RWA’s annual turnover must be at least Rs 20 lakhs.

The government also stated that if the monthly charges exceed Rs 7,500, all of them will be taxable.

Example:

If the monthly maintenance fee is Rs 12,000, 18% GST for a flat is payable Rs 12,000 but not Rs 4,500 (Rs 12,000 to Rs 7,500).

Owners of multiple properties in the same housing society must also pay taxes on each unit separately.

Why is there no GST on completed flats?

A completed home purchased in a secondary transaction will not be subject to Goods and Services Tax. It is thus essential to understand that Gst is only payable on payments made to contractors who offer construction services. As a result, when purchasing a completed (ready for occupancy) or used apartment, the issue of providing construction work does not arise. As a result, when purchasing completed apartments, GST is not applicable.

The application of GST to the property is conditional on the competent authority issuing a certificate of completion. When a property’s certificate of completion arrives before payment is due to the seller, it is considered a sale of the property ready for occupancy rather than an offer of goods or services. As a result, no GST applies to the sale of the completed apartment.

What if the buyer fails to pay GST?

If the buyer fails to register under GST laws, the seller is entitled to a refund of pre-GST taxes and duties. Refunds are only available if the goods were bought and returned within six months of July 1, 2017.

Is GST applicable on Resale flats?

Buyers of resale apartments are exempt from the Goods and Services Tax (GST). Unlike other under-construction apartments, the buyer won’t have to pay GST at the point of purchase because the apartment is ready to move into and doesn’t abide by the works contract. However, if the buyer purchased the property from a developer who paid GST during construction, she must pay her GST total before buying the home. According to the GST Council’s recommendations, the buyer of the building will be subject to an 18% tax. However, it is 12% for the properties under construction.

How to avoid paying GST?

If you buy a flat, you can avoid paying GST if you:

• Purchase a completed or already built flat (flat with completion certificate).
• Purchase of a used apartment.

# Apartments in Goa for Rent

Goa is a popular tourist destination, and the state’s real estate prices have risen in recent years due to increased demand from locals and foreigners. However, the Goa market can be volatile, with prices fluctuating depending on various factors such as the state of the economy, changes in tourist demand, and shifts in the local market.

Additionally, when renting an apartment in Goa, there are often legal and regulatory issues to think about, such as obtaining permits and paying taxes. Overall, Goa can be an excellent place to rent, but it’s critical to conduct thorough research and consider all the factors mentioned before deciding.

Whether renting an apartment in Goa or an experienced one, renting a property in this area can provide numerous benefits: you will enjoy white sand beaches to explore, colorful festivals that fill the streets, and an exciting nightlife scene with nightclubs and shacks along its coastline strip. All of this is in India’s smallest state! This article covers these incredible benefits, so keep reading about why renting a home in Goa makes so much sense.

Benefits of renting an apartment in Goa

There are several advantages of renting an apartment while visiting Goa with family and friends, including:

• Renting an apartment gives you and your family more privacy than staying in a hotel. You can enjoy your privacy without worrying about other guests or people nearby.
• Saving money: Renting an apartment can be less expensive than staying in a hotel, especially for a large group.
• Renting an apartment allows you to experience a more local and authentic side of Goa. You can prepare your meals, relax in your own space, and enjoy the comforts of home.
• There is more flexibility in meal times, sleeping arrangements, and daily routines.
• More space: Compared to a hotel room, renting an apartment provides more space, which can be important for families or groups of friends traveling together.

Before deciding to act, conduct extensive research on the property and neighborhood and the availability of amenities and services in the area.

How are Goa Flats Apartments different from other apartments?

Apartments in Goa are different from typical flats. They have something unique that distinguishes them from other apartments in the city.

These apartments include everything you could want and more. Here are some of the most vital features that distinguish Goa Apartments from other apartments:

• Well-maintained and well-groomed homes are often meticulously cared for and maintained, resulting in an impeccable appearance.
• Exclusive and unbeatable offers- You will not find anything better on the market than what these apartment complexes have to offer. Not to mention that they frequently sell at much lower prices than other apartments in the city.

Why should you rent an apartment in Goa?

A Goa flats apartment might be of interest to someone for a variety of reasons. Some people may just be looking for a new place to live, whereas others may be interested in renting an apartment in one of India’s most popular tourist destinations. Whatever the reason, there are a few things to consider when looking for Goa apartments.

First and foremost, Goa flats are one of the most affordable places to live in India. As a result, they are not subject to monthly rent payments like other apartments in major cities. Second Goa, flats have every amenity that individuals want or need to live comfortably.

It includes air conditioning, electricity, and water meters, all billed monthly.

# Maa Bhoomi Telangana Land Records

The Telangana Government’s Maa Bhoomi website is an initiative to digitize all land records in the state. Telangana property or landowners can easily access Government land records via the website. Maa Bhoomi portal data includes survey number, land extent, tax, owner or patta dar name, land nature, crop, etc. Pahani for all Telangana land can also download from the Maa Bhoomi website.

Maa Bhoomi Telangana Services

• Pahani Specifications
• View Village Pahani Specifications
• ROR1-B Specifications
• Details of Village ROR1-B
• Aadhar card and Account Number
• People can also file complaints to have their land records corrected.

A Pahani or Adangal is a vital legal document about land. Tahsildar issues Pahani because it contains information about the land.

• The landowner’s name, with the extent and Khatha’s number.
• The entire Pahani domain
• Revenue from Land
• Land Cultivation Resource
• The nature of land procession.
• Land Survey Number and Hissa Number
• The owner obtains the way land.
• Land rights held by the government or by the public.
• Owner’s Liabilities on the Land.
• Soil classification.

How Do I apply for Pahani or Adangal?

A copy of the most recent year is available by submitting an Application Form to the nearest Meeseva center in Telangana. Click here to download the form.

With the old Adangal application form, old Pahani or Adangal copies can be applied to the relevant Tahsildar office. The old backups are issued manually, which takes time, and it can take a few days to weeks to get copies, depending on the availability of Revenue officials.

Time and Fee for applying Pahani

It will take 15 minutes to obtain a copy from the Meeseva Center. Meeseva charges Rs. 35 per copy.

Online search for Pahani or Adangal

In the state of Telangana, the user can also check Pahani or Adangal documents online by following the steps below:

• Go to Maa Bhoomi’s website.
• Select Pahani from the menu bar. Click on “Your Pahani” to view the details.
• Select District Name, Zone Name, and Village Name from the drop-down menus.
• Now press the Button.
• This page will display land information such as names of the landholder and his father, Khatta Numbers, Survey Numbers, and Adhaar Numbers.
• By clicking on Pattadar Name, the website will redirect to the next page, where the user views all the mentioned land details.
• To print Pahani, select the print option from the side menu.

View Maa Bhoomi’s Village Pahani.

Step 1: Go to Maa Bhoomi’s website.

Step 3: The user must enter the District name, zone name, and village name on this page. Select all these from the drop-down menu.

Step 5: Now Click on the Blue Button.

Step 6: Village Pahani details will appear on the screen.

(ROR 1B) Record of Right

Details about who owns the property are included in the ROR document. It is among the most significant pieces of land-related paperwork. Each village’s individual Record of Rights register is kept in the Tahsildar office. It has 14 columns and lists the Khatadar’s name or the name of his or her father, The Khata number, the survey number, the type of land, and the amount of land that the Khatadar owns in terms of revenue.

Procedure for Applying for ROR 1B

The user can apply for ROR 1B at the nearest Meeseva center with an application ROR 1B and a service charge of RS.25. They can obtain ROR 1B in 15 minutes or 7 days.

Check out ROR 1B online.

The user can also check ROR 1B online on the Maa Bhoomi website by following the steps below:

Step 1: Go to Maa Bhoomi’s website.

Step 2: Select IB from the menu bar. Click on “Your ROR 1B” to view their ROR details.

Step 3: On this page, the user must enter their Survey Number, Account Number, or Adhaar Number.

Step 4: From the drop-down menu, select District Name, Zone Name, and Village Name.

Step 5: At this point, Click on the button.

There will be a display of ROR specifics.

By clicking on the button on this page, the user can also view their Encumbrance and Market Value.

View ROR 1B Village in Maa Bhoomi

Step 1: Go to Maa Bhoomi’s website.

Step 2: Select 1B from the menu bar. Click on “Grama ROR 1B” to view their village ROR details.

Step 3: On the screen, fill in the district, zone, and village names. Select all of these from the drop-down menu.

Step 5: Now press the Blue Button.

On the screen, you will see the information for Village ROR 1B.

Tippan of a Country

Tippan is a vital survey document created in the field while conducting a survey. It is a file with parcel-level field measurements (for each survey boundary).

To view Tippan in Maa Bhoomi

Step 2: From the drop-down menu, select the user’s District name, Zone name, and village name.

Step 3: Enter the survey code and press the blue button.

Tippan Land is visible to the user.

# Land and Land Reforms West Bengal

The West Bengal government enacted the Land Reforms Act in 1995 to reform the state’s land tenure system. The Act responds to peasant demands for land reform and absentee landlordism.

Many provisions in the Act aim to redistribute land more equitably and improve the lives of peasants. These provisions include:

• Landholding limit: The Act limits the amount of land a person can own. Any excess land owned by a person is subject to seizure and redistribution to landless peasants by the government.
• Tenant eviction: The Act makes evicting tenants more difficult for landlords. Tenants who have had land for a certain period are now entitled to security of tenure.
• Rent fixation: The Act establishes the maximum rent a landlord may charge a tenant. It has eased the burden on tenants and made land ownership more affordable.
• Land to the tiller: The Act gives preference to the tiller of the arrival in the distribution of surplus land. It has helped ensure that land goes back to those who work it.

The West Bengal land reform law is affecting the lives of West Bengal’s peasantry. It has aided in more equitable land distribution, tenant security of tenure, and rent reduction. The Act has also contributed to increased land productivity and a rise in the peasantry’s standard of living.

However, the Act’s implementation has drawn criticism. Some critics argue that DDA had poor execution and that West Bengal still has significant land inequality. Others claim that the Act has caused the Zamindari system, which provided employment and social services to the peasantry, to decline.

Despite these criticisms, the West Bengal Land Reforms Act is one of India’s most progressive land reform laws. It has improved the lives of millions of West Bengal peasants and contributed to the state’s economic development.

Before India’s independence, the British Rulers did their best to consolidate and stabilize the revenue collection system through the permanent settlement enacted under Regulation 1/1773. The British Rulers established a department with the name and style of ‘Board of Revenue to maximize revenue collection from the land for colonial interest. The rules so framed were the cause of tears of the actual soil tillers under this statue. Exploitation continued with vigor until India.

The leaders of independent India recognize the strain on actual cultivators and act rationally by shifting the concept of revenue administration to welfare administration. In West Bengal, the palmers were concerned with relieving farmers from the extreme exploitation of Zaniders and ensuring food security for farmers by providing an ample supply of agricultural items to meet the demands of free India’s newly established agri-based industries.

However, until 1989, when the Land Department became one, the Board of Revenue was divided into two wings: Department of Land Management, which collects revenues from minor minerals primarily with the management of vested land made under the preview of the WBEA Act, 1953, and Department of Settlement, which frames records of rights in favor of the raiyats after the act became law in 1953.

The Board of Revenue’s two apartments combined in 1989 under the Land and Land Reforms Department, West Bengal.

# Capital Gain Tax on Land Sale

What is Capital Gain?

A capital gain is simply the profit or loss from the sale of a capital asset. You will have long-term capital and short-term capital gain if you sell a Short term capital asset. If the sale results in a loss, you will incur a capital loss. The Capital Gain will be taxable in the year when the capital assets become available.

Capital Gains Tax on the Sale of Real Estate

Capital gains can be of two types, depending on how long the capital asset remains in use.

• Long-Term Capital Gain (LTGG) or Long-Term Capital Loss (LTCL): If a taxpayer sells an immovable property or land held for more than 24 months, the gain or loss on such sales is a Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) or Long Term Capital Loss (LTCL).
• Short-Term Capital Gain (STCG): A Short-Term Capital GAIN (STCG) or Short-Term Capital Loss (STCL) is a gain or loss on the sale of immovable property or land held for up to 24 months by the taxpayer.

According to the Income Tax Act, movable property or land is a capital asset. When a taxpayer sells an immovable property or land, the income or loss is reported as Capital Gains in the Income Tax Return and taxed at the applicable rate. The nature of the capital gain determines the capital gain tax on the sale of property or land, whether long-term or short-term. While the STCG on the sale of immovable property is taxable at slab rates, the LTCG is taxable at 20% with indexation benefit under Section 112 of the Income Tax Act.

Income Tax on the Sale of Land Sale

The tax treatment of immovable property, such as land, buildings, or houses, is similar to that of other capital assets.

Calculation of Long-Term Gain Tax on Property Sales in India

LTCG on the sale of immovable property in India is taxable at 20% with an indexation benefit, according to Section 112 of the Income Tax Act. To take advantage of the indexation benefit, the taxpayer can compute the long-term capital gain by calculating the indexed cost of the acquisition using the Cost Inflation Index (CII). The taxpayer’s cost of improvement is the expense incurred for adding or improving the capital asset. Using CII, the taxpayer can also calculate the Indexed Cost of Improvement.

• Sale Consideration = In the case of immovable property, the sale consideration should be the offer value of the capital asset or the value adopted by the stamp duty valuation authority to Section 50C of the Income Tax Act.
• Transfer expenses are expenses incurred solely to sell a capital asset.
• Cost of Acquisition = (CII of the year of Sale/ CII of the year of Purchase) = Indexed Cost of Acquisition
• Cost of Improvement = (CII of the year of Sale/ CII of the year of Improvement) = Indexed Cost of Improvement
• Capital Gain Exemption = Taxpayers who meet the specified conditions can claim a capital exemption under Sections 54 to 54GB.

Calculation of Short-Term Capital Gain tax on the sale of Property in India

The short-term capital gain on the sale of real estate is taxable at the slab rates. There is no indexation benefit in the case of a Short capital gain.

Capital gain exemptions, also through Sections 54 to 54 GB, aren’t enough. As a result, the Capital Gain calculation of the acquisition, improvement, and transfer costs

# AP Land Registration Documents Online

As the world moves online, the government of Andhra Pradesh has digitized AP land records, which can be accessed via the Meebhoomi website, to make searching for them simple and more comfortable. Property owners can look at the land records for land ownership, Bhulekh documents, and other relevant information. Property owners can also obtain the passbook, a form of ownership certificate, with a single click from Meebhoomi. The AP government has used multiple online portals, such as Meebhoomi, to make buying and selling land and other property as simple as possible. Let us look at how easy it has become to deposit access land records:

The Meebhoomi portal is an online database of AP land records. Andhra Pradesh residents can use this internet platform to access all land-related documents. In June 2015, the Andhra Pradesh government launched Meebhoomi, a digital land records repository, to make plot data such as AP survey and land records, AP land registration document numbers, and AP revenue department land records available online and accessible to the public. On the Meebhoomi portal, citizens can now find the following information:

• Evaluation, area
• Providing your Meebhoomi account’s electronic passbook
• Water source, soil type
• The Characteristics of Land Ownership
• Liabilities
• Tenancy
• Cropping information
• Land ownership and the Aadhar card

Landowners can also use the portal to download land information and records of rights (ROR). Meebhoomi Adangal 1-B is the local name for it. You can also view the land map and AP land registration details on the Bhunaksha AP website, https://bhunaksha.ap.gov.in/bhunakshalpm

Online AP Land Registration Documents

To register a property in Andhra Pradesh, follow the steps outlined below.

• Go to https://bhunaksha.ap.gov.in/bhunakshalpm/
• On the website’s main page, click ‘Prepare Your Document.’
• To input the details, provide the seller with your Aadhaar number.
• Click the save and continue button.
• Press the ‘continue’ button.
• Enter the consideration value, local body type, registration district, and local sub-registrar’s office.
• Select the ‘Add schedule of the property to be registered’ option.
• Enter the necessary information and click the ‘add payment details’ button.
• Enter the necessary sub-registrar’s office information for online property registration.

As a property buyer, you must verify the validity of the seller’s paperwork by searching Andhra Pradesh’s online land records. It will include prior registration information and information about the property you want to buy. Here’s how:

Step 1: Go to the website of the Andhra Pradesh Registration Department.

Step 2: You will head to the Registration Data website to look up the registration AP details for layout plans and units.

Step 3: Enter the district, Mandal, Village, survey number, and plot number to obtain the land registration in AP.

Step 4: Click the “Submit” button. The results will appear on the screen.

Now, go to https://onlineap.meeseva.gov.in/CitizenPortal/UserInterface/Citizen/Home.aspx to access the MeeSeva online portal. Obtain a certified copy of the registration AP document.

You will get a copy of the registration AP you’ve filled out at the SRO. This certificate is a supporting document that can help people resolve legal problems relating to property and land.

Adangal, also known as Pahani, is a vital revenue record that contains landowner information such as contact information, area evaluation, water rate, soil composition quality, nature of land possession, liabilities, tenancy, and crops cultivated.

Andhra Pradesh landowners can find information about their properties by visiting the official Mee Bhoomi website. Landowners can also track the progress of their Village 1B and Village Adangal projects on the Mee Bhoomi at any time.

Before reporting to the Mandal Revenue Officer (MRO) or Mee Seva Kendra, landowners can check the status of their records and make any necessary changes.

• Step 1: Navigate to the official website, and then follow the instructions to the official website page.
• Step 3: Next, enter the Survey number, Account number, or Aadhar number into the app.
• Step 4: From the drop-down menus, select the District, Mandal, and Village names, and then enter the land details with the document number.
• Step 5: Finally, at the bottom of the application, enter the Captcha code and click submit. After these steps, a pop-up message displays MeeBhoomi AP Adangal’s information.

# Rent Studio Apartment in Bangalore

Individuals in the corporate sector have recently chosen glorious career paths in multinational sectors, which drive them to move across the country after specific periods. As a result, they must become accustomed to living in rental homes in various megacities that offer hassle-free amenities.

Buying a house in a city is impossible because corporate workers prefer to pursue their career dreams. As a result, rental apartments are ideal for experiencing a home-like ambiance in intelligent cities.

Successful working people today are accustomed to the nuclear family-based lifestyle, as they prefer to pursue career opportunities in any part of the world. People’s personal lives are constantly adjusted as their professional goals change. As a result, for a nuclear family, renting a studio apartment in Bangalore is an excellent option.

Why is a rental studio apartment the ideal place to live?

The single-room urban apartment-style allows you to access the kitchen, living space, and bedroom all from one location. You will have complete privacy and functionality in the restroom of your Studio Apartment in Bangalore, with a sustainable divider or door. Working migrants always prefer low-cost rental accommodations to keep their monthly expenses consistent with their lifestyles. And studio apartments are always affordable, with all necessary amenities in a single comfort zone.

The Benefits of Renting a Studio Apartment in Bangalore

• Easy Cleaning: One of the main benefits of studio apartments is their simplicity. A studio apartment can have excellent hygiene if modern cleaning equipment applies. Because studio apartments have smaller holes than traditional apartments with multiple bedrooms, you can keep the entire space tidy. So, if you want to enjoy less physical effort in keeping your all-in-one studio apartment neat and clean, you only need to hire a housemaid.
• Furniture investment is lower: Studio apartments include a bedroom, living room, kitchen corner, and bathroom in a single compact space, so you only need to invest a little in furniture. While living in a studio apartment, a single sofa set or multifunctional furniture such as a sofa-cum-bed or center table with storage can meet the functional needs of your nuclear family. And, if you have to relocate to a different city, you can spend your money on something other than the dozens of heavy furniture.
• No Chance to Accumulate Zunk: The desire to fill empty spaces is a strange psychological phenomenon. So, even though you have limited space for individual functionalities in a furnished studio apartment in Bangalore, you will maintain tidiness throughout the room to avoid overlapping things.
• Ideal locations: The studio apartments in Bangalore are cost-effective structures that always attract bachelor working professionals who prefer little privacy, moderate luxuries, and hassle-free amenities within their limited budget.  As a result, realtors always develop these unique and in-demand rental properties in the prime locations of any smart city,  where massive footfall among corporate professionals necessitates the most recent space-efficient rental apartments. As a result, working migrants can simply rent a studio apartment in Bangalore.
• The Easiest Way to Save Money: At the start of your professional career, you must save pennies for profitable future investments. As a result, if you rent a studio apartment in Bangalore, you will not have to spend a lot of money on furniture. You can easily manage the minimum maintenance hassles without the help of a maid, and the affordability factors allow you to save your earnings for the future purchase of a car or to cover the need for a down payment. In contrast, you plan to purchase your own home in the future. As a result, a studio apartment is ideal for saving money on monthly living expenses. So, for single-working professionals who want to secure their financial future, living in luxury studio apartments in Bangalore is always the best option.

Considerations Before Choosing Luxury Studio Apartments in Bangalore

Budget-friendly Rental Package

Residential unit rental prices can vary depending on location. And the availability of the most recent amenities can raise or lower the rent of a 1RK Studio apartment in Bangalore. Finding a suitable studio apartment in Bangalore will be simple if you set a maximum budget.

Excellent Infrastructure Accessibility

Select a posh locality where you can enjoy supermarkets, medical stores, retail stores, etc when choosing luxury studio apartments in Bangalore. Being a student or working professional, you should check the connectivity options in the area so you can reach your institutes or workplaces on time.

A wide range of amenities

When looking for a suitable furnished studio apartment in Bangalore, you should consider all of the essential features of a studio apartment. It is best to consider modern equipment for a small kitchen with functional furniture and appliances. Furthermore, you should carefully examine whether your studio apartment is open enough to allow natural air and light into the living space.

Studio Apartment Rental Expenses: How to Justify Them?

To justify the rental cost of studio apartments in India, the entire configuration, specific locations, transportation availability, brand of the rental property developer, proximity to commercial hubs, and infrastructures of social amenities are considered.

Conclusions

All of the discussed points explain the ideal ambiance of the studio Apartment in Bangalore. If you take all these factors, you will realize why single working professionals should choose a Studio apartment in Bangalore. Studio apartments are the most suitable accommodations for relocated bachelors to pacify their affordability range for living options compared to 1BHK or 2BHK flats.

# TDS on Rent of Residential Property

Renting out a property in India has several tax implications that the tenant and landlord should be aware of. TDS or Tax Deducted at Source, is one such provision. The government implemented it as a tax collection mechanism to streamline the process and prevent rental income tax evasion.

Understanding the nature of TDS on house rent in India from various perspectives is thus necessary if you are involved in rental properties. In this blog, we will look at TDS and its requirements from the standpoint of residential property.

What exactly is TDS?

TDS is the tax deducted from the source of income. For example, if A has to pay B a specified amount, A must deduct tax at the origin, i.e., TDS, and transfer it to the Central Government’s account. The amount deducted will then be credited to B by the provisions of the Income Tax Act.

Rent Taxes in India

Property in India pays taxes under various sections of the Income Tax (IT) Act 1961. As a result, whether you sell or lease your property, you will benefit from a tax break. Deductions occur at the source in taxes like the tax on property sales in India or income tax on house rent.

Section 194-I of the IT Act addresses the provisions for rental income. Tenants should deduct TDS and remit it to the central government account, which the lessor/landlord is entitled to receive as a credit if the TDS certificate or Form 26QC is in order.

However, the tax treatment depends on several factors, including the nature of the property, its use, rental income, and an individual’s tax status.

The nature of the properties has fallen into the following categories under the same provisions:

Residential Properties

House Properties used for rental purposes are, naturally, subject to income tax on house rent in India. You can deduct expenses like municipal taxes and mortgage interest to calculate taxable rental income.

Tax Deducted at Source on the Rent

Though TDS is an essential term in the IT Act, a few people understand how taxes accumulate at the source. The Indian government enacted this provision to ensure that rental income is accurately collected. Here are a few things that both residents and NRIs should be aware of.

# Building Tax Online Kerala

Many people mix up building tax and property tax. However, there is a significant distinction between the two. According to the Kerala Building Tax Act 1975, the building tax is a one-time tax that applies to all buildings built on or after April 1, 1973. A luxury Tax of Rs 4000 is added annually on buildings built on or after April 1, 1987, with a plinth area of 278.7 square meters or more. This luxury tax is in addition to the once-only construction tax. In this blog, I will explain how to pay Kerala building tax online.

In Kerala, you can pay your Building Tax online through the Sanchaya online services. You can use this service to pay the building tax, rent, professional tax, and license fee without visiting an office. All you need is an internet-connected computer, laptop, or smartphone.

The following are the steps you must take to pay your Building Tax using Sanchaya online  services:

• Visit the website at https://tax.lsgkerala.gov.in/epayment/
• Choose ‘New User Registration,’ and the form will appear. Fill out the required fields and the captcha code before submitting the form.
• A new form will display to accept your Registration code. Enter your Registration cod and Captcha code, and submit. Your registration with Sanchaya is complete.
• You can pay your taxes online by viewing all the properties listed under your name. It will show you the outstanding debt that you must pay. To proceed with online payment, please check and confirm.
• Complete the payment and take a printout of the receipt from the Reports section.

It’s the complete procedure for paying building tax online.

# Kerala Land Tax Online Quick Pay

Those who own plots or houses in Kerala must pay a land or property tax to the local authority or village office. In an assessment year, the land tax gets paid once or twice. The Kerala Revenue Department provides a web application, the Revenue Land Information System (ReLIS), to manage land records and enable registration and online payment of land tax.

During the March 2022 budget, the government announced plans to revise the vital land tax rates across all slabs and introduce a new slab for land larger than 40.47 acres in panchayats, municipalities, and corporations.

How do I pay Kerala land tax online?

Step 1: Navigate to https://revenue.kerala.gov.in/. By clicking on ‘Register,’ first-time users can register to use the e-services.

Step 3: After logging into e-Services, choose “New Request.” Choose the ‘Land Tax Payment’ option. Then, by clicking on ‘Confirm,’ accept the message for the taxpayer that appears on the screen.

Step 4: On the payment request page, enter information like district, taluk, village, block number, Thandaper number, survey number, and so on. Click ‘View and Add’ to double-check the information.

Step 5: Submit information such as the applicant’s name, last tax payment date, receipt number, etc. To pay Kerala land tax online, click ‘Pay Tax.’

Step 6: The payment details will appear on the following page. Select ‘Pay Now’.

Step 7: The payment screen will appear. Select your preferred payment method (for example, net banking, card payment, or UPI payment). Click the ‘Payment’ button.

Following the successful payment of Kerala land tax online, the user will receive a receipt, which can be downloaded and saved for future reference.

Documents Required for Kerala Land Tax

The property tax bill is a necessary document when paying property taxes. The municipal authority sends the property tax bill to the property address. When paying property tax online, one must enter the details listed on the bill, such as name and property ID.

Kerala Land Tax Rebates

Property owners may be eligible for the civic authority’s rebates. These factors include the owner’s age, the property’s occupancy, the nature of the area, the property’s usage, income, the asset’s age, and so on. Furthermore, a 15% property tax rebate is available if the entire tax was paid in one lump sum at the beginning of the year.

Property tax payments made on or after the due deadline are subject to a 20% late fee.

# National Highway Land Acquisition Notification 2022

This appeal is filed on behalf of the unsuccessful original petitioners to review the order issued by a Division Bench of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad on February 28, 2020, in WritC No. 7310 of 2020, by which the High Court rejected the appellants’ writ application, holding that the District Magistrate is competent to investigate the legality and validity of the order issued by the Special Land Acquisition Officer.

ACTUAL MATRIX

• In using its authority under Section 3A(1) of Act 1956, the Central Government sent a notification on January 23, 2015, proposing to acquire a few parcels of land in the District of Mau to widen National Highway No. 29 to four lanes. The land with Gat Nos. 158, 160, and 161 of the village Ahirani Bujurg, District Mau (UP), was included in the notification.
• In the previous setting, a further notification was issued under Section 3D of Act 1956, declaring that specific property was for public use. Upon issuance of such a notification, the land becomes the property of the Central Government.
• The competent authority, the Special Land Acquisition Officer, determined the compensation to be paid to the landowners (parties before us) for the acquired land in an award dated November 28, 2016, passed under Section 3G of the Act 1956. The relevant portion of the competent authority’s award is as follows:

Using the stamp rate of Rs. 4,50,00,000.00 as a basis, compensation for the land measuring 3.269 hectares in the village Ahirani Buzurg that was bought comes out to Rs. 14,71,05,000.00, double the amount of which happens to be Rs. 29,42,10,000.00, and compensation for the structure and tree comes out to Rs. 8,01,582.00, totaling Rs. 15,29,06,582.00.

The value of 100% Solatium on this sum is Rs. 30,00,11,582.00.  Additional compensation of Rs. 3,16,66,953.00 is payable at a rate of 12% from the day of the last publication of Section 3A on March 6, 2015.

As a result, the total compensation amount is Rs. 63,16,90,117.00, for which I declare the award. By recovering land acquisition expenses of Rs. 6,31,69,021.00 from the Acquiring Authority at a rate of 10% of the total amount of compensation and 100 times the registered values of less land revenue, the amount will be put in the prescribed Account head.

As a result, a notice will arrive at the relevant Tehsil for entry proceedings. While sending one copy of the Award Order to the Indian National Highway Authority in Gorakhpur, it is necessary to write requesting that the entire amount covered by the Award in question be made available.”

The competent authority is required to determine the shares of the landowners in the compensation by the legislative scheme, Section 3H(3) of the Act 1956. In these cases, the competent authority requested a report from the revenue authorities. The revenue authorities reported the appellants’ and respondents’ shares in their report dated 11.04.2019. This report favored appellants. The relevant portion of the provided reads thus:

Khasra No. 1353  mentions Gata No. 213, which has the present number of 232/51 minutes, Gata No. 213 B has the offer number 232/183, and Gata No. 213 is the current code of 232/519. Similarly, Gata No. 233 currently has 214/644 acres and is described as “Bagh Digar”. Furthermore, the present number of Gata No. 208 is 227/1.440 acres, in which “Bagh Digar” is mentioned.

The names of Mahadev Shahi, son of Sitaram Shahi and Bholanath, son of Ganga and Saryu, son of Brijrnohan, Caste Kandu, are found in Khata No. 46 of Copy of Khatauni for the crop year 1348, Ahirani  Buzurg, in which Gata No. 232 acres appear, and the name of Mahadev, son of Sitaram Shahi and Bholanath, son of Ganga and Saryu, son of Brijmohan, Caste Kanu, appears in respect of Gata No. 128 for the crop year 1348. Khata No. 92 mentions Gata No. 232/ 0.284 acres and the names of Mahadev, son of Sitaram Shahi, and Bholanath, son of Brij Mohan, Caste Kandu. It refers to Gatas 232/0.539 and 233/0.644, two Gatas totaling 1.163 acres, which is correct. 1348 is the crop year, also known as Jamman 12.

The allocation was based on 12 equal shares in Gata No. 227/1.440 and an equal share of Salum in Gata Nos. 232 min./0.551, 232/0.183, 232/0.539, and 233/1.624. Because the road connects Hashiya Doharighat and Gazipur, the applicant owns a third of Gata Nos. 232 and 233.

# Challenges of Nation-Building Notes

New Nation’s Challenges

Following India’s independence in August 1947, three challenges arose in nation-building.

• The first and most pressing challenge was to create a cohesive country to accommodate society’s diversity and eradicate poverty and unemployment.
• The second obstacle was establishing democracy.
• Third, ensuring the development and well-being of the entire society was a challenge.

Displacement and Rehabilitation

• India and Pakistan became nations on the 14th and 15th of August, 1947.

Thousands of people on both sides lost their homes, lives, and property due to enmity.

• West and East Pakistan sprang up along the Muslim-majority belt, separated by a large swath of Indian territory.
• “Frontier Gandhi,” Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan, was the undisputed ruler of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP). Despite his protests, Pakistan merged with the NWFP.
• During partition, Punjab and Bengal were part of the trauma.

Partition Effects

• One of the most abrupt, unplanned, and tragic population transfers occurred in 1947.
•  Minorities on both sides of the border fled their homes and sought temporary refuge in “refugee camps.”
• Women were frequently abducted, raped, attacked, and killed. They had to change their religions.
• The political and administrative machinery of both sides failed.
• There was a significant loss of life and property. The culmination of communal violence had arrived.

Princely State Integration

• During British rule in India, there were two types of provinces: British Indian Provinces (Governed directly by the British Government) and Princely States (governed by Indian princes).
• There were nearly 565 princely states immediately following independence. Many of them joined the Indian Union.
• Initially, Travancore, Hyderabad, Kashmir, and Manipur refused to join the Indian Union.

The Government’s Strategy

• The interim government at the time took firm measures to prevent India from being divided into small principalities of varying sizes.
• Three considerations guided the government’s approach.
• The people of the majority of the princely states desired to join the Indian Union.
• The government was willing to be flexible in granting autonomy to regions.
• The nation’s territorial boundaries had become critical.

• The rulers of the majority of the states signed a document known as the “Instrument of Accession.” The accession of Junagarh, Hyderabad, Kashmir, and Manipur proved more than any others.
• Following initial opposition, Hyderabad was merged with the Indian Union through a military operation in September 1948.
• In September 1949, the Government of India succeeded in pressuring the Maharaja of Manipur into signing a Merger Agreement. The government did so without consulting Manipur’s popularly elected Legislative Assembly.

Reorganization of the State

• During the national movement, the Indian National Congress recognized the need for linguistic reorganization of states.
• This idea was put on hold after independence because the memory of partition was still fresh and the fate of the Princely states had not been decided.
• Andhra Pradesh became a linguistic nation in December 1952 following a lengthy battle.
• The establishment of this state provided the impetus for the linguistic reorganization of states. As a result, in 1953, the Indian government formed the States Reorganization Commission.
• This commission agreed that the state’s borders reflect the limits of various languages.
• Based on its recommendations, the State Reorganization Act took effect in 1956. As a result, 14 states and six union territories came into existence.

# Mouza Wise Land Information

West Bengal residents now have another reason to smile. It’s because they can access all the information about their land or property from any location. To complete this successfully, you must use your Smartphone or Personal Computer to access the official site.

Mouza Map-Request

Fortunately, you can check the Mouza Map Request on the official website by following the simple steps outlined below:

• Open the search bar of your installed browser, such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, or Mozilla Firebox, to access the website.
• On your device’s screen, a login drop-down box will appear. To view your Mouza Map, first, select the “Citizen Services” option.
• You must enter the captcha. If you do not see anything, click the “Refresh” button to get a new captcha. After entering your login information, click “Submit.”
• After logging in, go to the ‘Citizens Services’ tab. This Tb is easily identifiable from your account’s homepage.
• On your screen, a drop-down box will appear. For example, this drop-down box contains options such as Mutation Status, Online Application, Service Delivery, and Land Classification.
• After selecting the ‘Service Delivery’ tab, options such as Plot Map Request, Mouza Map-Request, and Request GRN search are available.
• Select ‘Maouza Map Request’
• It will redirect you to the Banglarbhumi Website’s Mouza Map Request Detail page. Here, you simply select your “District” from the given list.
• Choose LR or RS as the map type.
• You must also select the correct “Block” and “Mouza” from the options available.
• Finally, click the ‘View Mouza Map’ button under your details. You can now view your Mouza Map, which will appear on your screen.

The Banglarbhumi website has brought good news to the state’s residents. Services like Mouza Mao Request offices, Fortunately, this is no longer necessary because you can use the Banglarbhumi website.

How can I obtain a Mouza Map?

Checking the Mouza Map is simple because you must log in to your account before choosing the ‘Citizen Services’ option from the home page. You will see a drop-down box where you should select ‘Service Delivery.’ Select ‘Mouza Map Request’ from the list of options and follow the prompts to get to the map quickly.

# From the Top of a 7m High Building

From the Top of a 7m High Building

Let’s analyze a few patterns before looking into the main topic for today’s blog.

• Finding heights is a pattern.

Given an elevation angle and a point of observation, the tangent ratio helps to determine the tower’s height from the ground. The tower’s height is adjustable via queries.

• Pattern: Tower height when flagstaff is atop.

When given the height of the flagstaff, find the tower’s peak. Remember that the distance between the point of observation and the foot of the rise remains constant. It’s possible to ask to calculate the height or the distance from the base.

• Wind-blown tree pattern

To determine the height of a tree when it breaks by the wind and the broken part of the tree becomes the hypotenuse of a newly formed right-handed triangle where one of the angles appears. It’s possible to ask to calculate the tree’s height or the distance from the high of the broken tree.

• Pattern: Elevation Angle

The tangent ratios help evaluate the angle of elevation when the height of the tower and the point of observation are available.

The length of the tower/pole’s shadow determines when it is appropriate to give an elevation angle. Remember that as the angles of elevation decrease, the size of the shadow increases. You can inquire about the length of the shadow or the object’s height.

• Cloud height pattern

The trigonometric ratios use the angle of depression to calculate the height of the cloud above the lake when the angle of depression exists. The question will be whether the cloud’s depression angle or high above the lake’s surface.

• Pattern

A tower’s height with two points of observation When two angles of elevation are available, we use the concept that the tower’s height remains constant to calculate the high of the building.

It’s possible to determine the building’s height by asking questions from various angles.

Now coming back to the topic, let’s take an example, from the top of a 7 meters high building, the angle of elevation will be 60°, and the angles of depression will be 45°.

In the above figure, the Height of the tower is 7m.

The angle of elevation is  60°

The angle of depression is 45°

From the given figure,

(Tan 45°) = AB/BC

1= AB/BC

AB=BC= 7m.

ED = 7√3 m

Height of the tower = ED +CD

7√3 + 7         (AB=CD)

So, the height of the tower will be 19.12 m.

# Building Construction Department, Bihar

The Building Construction Department of the Government of Bihar lies in Patna Sectt., Patna. This State government office has an excellent rating of 4.1 stars based on 34 online reviews. Patna Sect. is at least 14 State government offices, with this State government office ranking fifth overall. The Building Construction Department of the Government of Bihar maintains a website at https://state.bihar.gov.in/bcd/CitizenHome.html. Visheshwariya Bahwan, Bailey Road, Patna, Bihar 800015, the nation is the address of the State government office.

Building Construction Department of the Government of Bihar – Patna – Bihar – Complete Information

Name: Bihar Government’s Building Construction Department

Contact: 916122545656

Location: Patna Sect.

Health Department, Udhyog Vibhag Department of Industries, Cooperative Department Bihar, Rural Works Department, Urban Development Department, Public Health Engineering Department, Department of Agriculture, Sudha Dairy Store, Punaichak Post Office, Art Youth, and Culture Department, Bihar State Water & Sanitation Mission, Vikas Bhawan New Secretariat, and others sit near Building Construction Department, Government of Bihar.

Bihar State Government Offices Near Building Construction Department

Within a one-kilometer radius of the Building Construction Department of the Government of Bihar, there are 12 State government offices. When the radius grows to 5 or 10 kilometers, you will find 14 and 14 State government offices, respectively. You might also want to look at

• Udhyog Vibhag department of industries – 2nd Floor, Vikas Bhawan, Bailey Road, Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, Patna, Bihar 800015
• Panchayati Raj department – Bailey Road, Veerchand Patel Road Area, Patna, Bihar 800015
• Cooperative department – Bihar – Veerchand Patel Road Area, Patna, Bihar
• Bihar Vidhan Mandal – Harding Road, Saptmurthy, Patna, Bihar 800015
• Old secretariat- Harding Road, Beer Chand Patel Path, Patna, Bihar 800015
• Vikas Bhawan New Secretariat – Jawaharlal New Marg, Punaichak, Veerchand Patel Road Area, Patna, Bihar 800015, India.

The popularity of the Building Construction Department of the Government of Bihar

When it comes to good State government offices, Patna Sect. people have several options. In this area, there are 14 State government offices.

The Building Construction Dept., Govt. of Bihar, is a well-known State government office in Patna Sect., Patna. Building Construction Department, Government of Bihar ranks fifth in popularity, trailing only a few others like as:

• The Bihar Vidhan Mandal
• Former Secretariat
• New Secretariat at Vikas Bhawan

# Service Apartments in Indiranagar, Bangalore

Are you looking for the ideal Service apartments in Indiranagar, Bangalore? Serviced apartments could be an excellent choice for you. Serviced apartments provide a comfortable, convenient, and affordable stay in this vibrant part of Bangalore that offers several benefits over traditional hotel accommodations. Let’s look at what distinguishes service apartments and why they are the preferred option for many travelers.

• Stay in style

Service apartments are typically larger than standard hotel rooms, giving you plenty of space to spread out and relax. A cozy and spacious place to unwind after a long day of exploring the city makes all the difference.

• Kitchen for Low- Cost

One of the most significant advantages of service apartments is having a fully equipped kitchen. It means you can prepare your meals at home, saving money on dining out while having the freedom to cook your favorite dishes.

• Convenient Services to Improve Your Experience

Service apartments frequently provide additional amenities such as housekeeping and laundry services, allowing you to focus on your vacation rather than worrying about chores. These amenities make your stay more comfortable and convenient.

• Affordable Indiranagar Accommodation:

Service apartments in this city are an excellent option for budget-conscious travelers. They offer well-equipped accommodations at an affordable price, making them a popular choice for short and long-term stays.

• World-Class Amenities of Your Convenience:

Indiranagar service apartments cater to meet your every need. With first-rate amenities like housekeeping, laundry, and 24-hour security, you can be confident that your stay will be comfortable and secure.

• Unmarried Couples Are Safe: Concerned about your safety and privacy? Indiranagar service apartments are for unmarried couples, with many establishments installing security guards and CCTV cameras to ensure your peace of mind.
• Luxury Service Apartments for a Lavish Stay:

Indiranagar has a variety of upscale service apartments for a luxurious stay. These opulent accommodations feature fully furnished bedrooms, private bathrooms, well-equipped kitchens, and breathtaking city views.

• Ideal for families:

Service apartments are an excellent choice for families visiting Indiranagar. The open design gives children plenty of room to play and explore. A kitchen allows families to cook meals together, making their stay more enjoyable and cost-effective.

• Proximity to IT Hubs for Business Travelers:

If you are a corporate executive or a business traveler, service apartments in Indiranagar offer the perfect solution. Located near major IT hubs, these accommodations provide convenience and comfort, allowing professionals to focus on their work without wasting time in traffic.

• Flexible Rental Terms:

Indiranagar service apartments have flexible rental terms, making them suitable for short-term stays. You can find an apartment that meets all your needs, whether you are on a business trip or planning a vacation.

Finally, service apartments in Indiranagar offer plenty of options making them a popular choice for travelers and business professionals. These apartments provide a memorable stay in the heart of Bangalore, from spacious and cost-effective living to convenient amenities and proximity to major attractions. So, if you plan a trip to Indiranagar, keep the comfort and convenience of staying in service apartments in mind!

# Two Men on Either Side of a 75m High Building

In today’s video, we will review some bare heights and distance information before moving on to the main topic.

Height refers to the vertical measurement of an object.

Distance is the horizontal between two points.

Elevation Angle

Consider a situation where a person is on the ground and looking at an object at some height, such as the top of a building. In this case, the line of sight is the line that connects the man’s eye to the top of the building. The elevation angle comes from the line of sight and the horizontal line.

The Depression Angle

In another case, a person appears standing at a certain height about an object.  The line o sight refers to the path that connects the man’s eye to the bottom of the building. A line of sight and a horizontal line from the angle of depression.

Now let the height of the building is 75m and two men are standing on point A and point B.

Suppose distance AD = xm and DB =ym.

= 75/x = 1/ √3 = x = 75√3m

Now in right angle Δ CDB, CD/BD =  tan 60°

75/y = √3 = √3y = 75 = y = 75/ √3 = 75/√3 ×√3/√3 = 75√3/3= 25√3

Total distance x+y = 75√3 + 25√3 = 100√3m.

# West Bengal Land Record Search by Name

The Indian state of West Bengal recently launched the Banglarbhumi Portal, which provides extensive land change data. The West Bengal Department of Land and Land Reforms launched this initiative to make land-related information accessible and transparent to citizens.

Residents can now access detailed information about their landholdings through the Banglarbhumi portal, including property details, land values, change status, and other relevant data. Clients can also apply for land-related services such as conversion, acquisition, and registration.

West Bengal citizens can now access extensive land-related information through BanglarBhumi to assist them in various property transactions.

This platform has proven to be an innovative and beneficial resource that promotes transparency and efficiency in West Bengal’s land governance.

Land Records Available on the Banglarbhumi Portal:

The BanglarBhumi portal is a comprehensive resource that provides access to land-related data and services. Among the information available are various land records, each with a specific purpose.

• Khaitan and Plot Data is one such type, which includes information about landowners, plot numbers, areas, and other pertinent details. This information is critical for the effective management and administration of land transactions.
• The portal also provides information and land valuation. This information serves to determine the market value of the land. This data is accessible for purposes including legal proceedings and negotiations between buyers and sellers.
• The Mouza Map is a graphical representation of a land area that depicts the boundaries and locations of various plots within a specific Mouza. This data is for land surveying, urban planning, and land development.
• Users can also use the portal to keep track of the changing status of their landholdings. It refers to updating land records with the most recent ownership information. Users can ensure that their land records are correct by checking this status.
• Furthermore, the BanglarBhumi portal provides land transformation services, which include changing land use from one type to another. This process is critical for promoting sustainable land use practices and realizing the land’s bursting value.
• Finally, the portal offers land acquisition services, allowing clients to apply for government land acquisition for public purposes. This service can help organizations that need land for projects like building schools, hospitals, and other vital public facilities.

As a result, the BanglarBhumi portal serves as a one-stop shop for obtaining various land records and services. Its functions provide the tools required for managing an ad.

Assume you want to access land records, Kahitan, and plot information and downloads through the BanglarBhumi portal. In that case, you must go through the required user registration process. Fortunately, signing up for this portal is simple, and you can do so by following these steps.

• Fill out the registration form completely and accurately. Otherwise, it might be difficult to register. After completing the registration form, you must submit an OTP, which will arrive at your mobile number and email address for verification.
• To avoid delays in the verification process, enter the correct contact information in the registration form. The last step in the registration process is to enter the captcha code into the space provided on your screen.
• You will receive a confirmation message on your email and mobile number once you have entered all your information and submitted the registration form. You can enjoy the portal’s benefits by completing this simple registration process.

How Do I Access The BanglarBhumi Portal?

Logging into the Banglarbhumi portal is a simple procedure. Here is a step-by-step process for getting started:

• To begin, go to http://www.banglarbhumi.gov.in/. When the page loads, you will see a top menu bar with a “Sign-In” button next to a “Sign-Up” button. Click it.
• A new login window will appear after clicking the “Sign-In” button. You must enter your login information in this window to access your account.
• As a West Bengal resident, select “Citizen” and enter your BanglarBhumi username and password. You will also be required to enter a captcha code for verification.
• After entering all the required information, click the “Login” button. It will take you to a new page on which you can access your services open on the Banglarbhumi portal.
• To summarize, logging into your Banglarbhumi account is as easy as going to the portal, clicking the “Sign-In” button, entering your login information, and clicking “Login.” By following these steps, you utilize the Banglarbhumi portal’s wealth of resources.

How Do You Check Your Khaitan And Plot Information On Banglarbhumi Portal?

If you live in West Bengal and want to check your Kahitan and Plot Infromation online, you must register at http://www.banglarbhumi.gov.in/ After registering on the portal, simply follow these simple steps to retrieve your information.

• The next step is to locate the Mouza and Search records. Choose you district, block, and Mouza from the portal’s menu bar. After recognizing the Mouza, you will have to choose your Khaitan Type.
• Following the selection of the Khaitan type, you must select one of the two available search options.
1. Search by Khaitan
2. Search by Plot.

Choose the best search option that applies and enter the information and numbers requested on the portal page.

• Enter the correct captcha in the space provided and click the “view” button. The screen will display your Khaitan and Plot Information. Before logging out of your account, double-check all of the information provided.

How Do I Check the Status of a Grievance on the BanglarBhumi Portal?

Checking the status of a grievance on the BanglarBhumi Portal is a simple process that takes only a few steps.